Alberta's Provincial Historic Sites, Interpretive Centres and Museums

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
World Heritage Site

Located 18 km north & west of Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada at a location where the foothills of the Rocky Mountains meet the Great Plains, one of the world's oldest, largest, and best preserved buffalo jumps can be found. Head-Smashed-In - a UNESCO World Heritage Site - has been used continuously by aboriginal peoples of the plains nearly 6,000 years.

The World Heritage Site

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is an archaeological site known around the world as a remarkable testimony of the life of the Plains People through the millennia. The Jump bears witness to a method of hunting practiced by native people of the North American plains for nearly 6,000 years.

Due to their excellent understanding of the regional topography and bison behaviour, native people hunted bison by stampeding them over a precipice. They then carved up the carcasses and dragged the pieces to be butchered and processed in the butchering camp set up on the flats beyond the cliffs.

In 1981, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump as a World Heritage Site placing it among other world heritage monuments such as the Egyptian pyramids, Stonehenge and the Galapagos Islands. For more information on UNESCO, go to

Come and Visit

The Interpretive Centre is open year round (see Hours and Admissions for details). We welcome visitors from around the world. Check out the Special Events to be sure you don’t miss out on special performances and activities. Schools and youth groups will find our Education Programs of interest. Commercial Tour Operators are invited to contact us to make special arrangements and bookings for building tours and customized programs. Our Café is open from May long weekend to Thanksgiving weekend.

Check out the "What's New?" page for current activities, special events and programs.

Download the Information Guide to Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump.



















Last reviewed/revised: March 23, 2015

Live webcam at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

Lookout at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

Discover breath-taking views at the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump World Heritage Site.

Interpreter with visitors

Canadian Signature Experience